About the Sivananda Class Sequence

Yoga means ‘union’. All yoga practices originate from the spiritual texts of India and were developed as a tool to help the yoga practitioner attain a state of enlightenment or union with the supreme consciousness. 

The dynamic and disciplined physical posesevolved in order to allow the spiritual seeker to develop enough strength, health and flexibility in their bodies, so that they could then sit for long periods of time in meditation and contemplation on the divine. According to yoga scriptures there are 8,400,000 different yoga postures. 

In the Sivananda class sequence we practice 12 very powerful postures and many exciting variations of these poses. 

In a typical class we begin with about 15-20 minutes of pranayama or breathing exercises. 

To warm up we practice a series of flowing movements called sun salutations (surya namaska). Each movement is coordinated with the breath to bring the mind to focus. 

We follow Sun Salutations with leg stretches to further warm up the hamstrings, and double leg lifts to strengthen the abdominal muscles.

Once we’ve warmed up we move in to the main body of the class and practice the 12 Sivananda asanas in sequence. As a class gets more advanced variations of these postures are introduced.

The class closes with a 10-15 minute deep guided relaxation practice. Focused on physical, mental and spiritual relaxation.

 

Opening Chants

Tuning in the mind

We begin and end each yoga class chanting ‘Om’ 3 times. ‘Om’ is said to be the sound at which the universe vibrates.

We then recite a few short mantras, in order to raise our energy and to relax, focus and uplift our mind. These mantras are in Sanskrit, the language of the yoga scriptures. Our intention is to invoke the positive energies contained in the sound forms. 

 

Breathing Exercises - Pranayama

There are many powerful Pranayama techniques. In a Sivananda class, we practice 4 main exercises.

Deep Abdominal Breathing

Deep abdominal breathing brings air to the lowest and largest part of the lungs. Breathing is slow and deep, and proper use is made of the diaphragm.

Full Yogic Breathing

The full yogic breath is a full body breath. Beginning with a deep abdominal breath and continuing with the inhalation through the intercostal and clavicular areas. A great way to slow down the heart rate and so calm the mind when stressed, tense or anxious.

Anuloma Viloma - Alternate Nostril Breathing

In Anuloma Viloma we alternate the breath from right to left nostril and retain the breath in between. We inhale through one nostril to the count of 4, retain for 16 and exhale through the other nostril for 8. This exercise is balancing for the left and right side of the brain and increases energy levels, concentration and mental balance.

Kaphalabhati 

Good for cleansing the lungs of stale air and toxins. A stimulating, energising exercise that brings plenty of fresh oxygen to the brain. This is a good exercise to practice first thing in the morning, otherwise known as a yogachino.

 

Warm Up Sequence

Sun Salutations - Surya Namaska

In the Sivananda Class the Sun Salutations are always practised prior to the Asanas. The sequence consists of 12 positions linked together by movement and coordinated with the flow of the breath. 

The purpose of the Sun Salutations is to warm up the whole body through moving stretches and the alteration of forward and backward bends. 

Sun Salutations promote the flexibility of the spine and the limbs, and gently increases the blood circulation.

The sequence helps to regulate the breath and increases the respiratory capacity.

After doing the Sun Salutations it becomes easier to practise Asanas, as the dynamic stretches have prepared the body for the static stretches in the steady poses.

If you only have a little time available for you self-practice then at least do a few rounds of the Sun Salutations. It is a great way to prepare the body for the day when practised in the morning.

 

Single and Double Leg Raises

These exercises helps to improve the flexibility of the hamstrings and the calf muscles. It is an important preparation for the forward-bending Asanas and for coming into the Headstand.

The double leg raises greatly strengthen the abdominal muscles. Some strength in this area is required for coming into Asanas like Headstand , Shoulderstand and Plough. Strengthening the abdomen can also help to relieve some cases of lower back pain.

 

Inverted Postures

Headstand - Sirshasana

The headstand is practiced by experienced practitioners. Beginners start by learning a strengthening exercise that prepares the upper body for the pose.

By reversing the normal effects of gravity, practice of headstand rests the heart, aids circulation and relieves pressure on the lower back. 

Practiced regularly headstand can help prevent back problems and improve memory and concentration.

Inverting the body stimulates deep breathing bringing a fresh supply of oxygen rich blood to the brain. Learning the headstand can be a tremendous energy and confidence boost helping to overcome fear blocks.

 

Shoulderstand - Sirvangasana

The shoulderstand stimulates the thyroid and parathyroid glands by pressing the chin into the base of the throat.

The posture encourages deep abdominal breathing as it limits the use of the top of the lungs.

Same benefits as the headstand in addition an extra stretch for the neck and upper back.

Plough - Halasana

Practice of Plough encourages flexibility and relieves tension in the spine and neck. Plough pose nourishes the spinal nerves and strengthens the back shoulder and arm muscles. By compressing the abdomen the plough stimulates and massages the internal organs.

Fish - Matsyasana

Compresses the neck and shoulders so counter-stretches the shoulderstand and plough. Releases stiffness in neck and shoulders and corrects the tendency towards rounded shoulders. Expands the rib cage for deep breathing and increases lung capacity. Tones the nerves of the neck.

 

Forward & Backward Bends

Sitting Forward Bend - Peschimotasana

This pose is one of the most powerful Asanas, helping to lengthen the spine and ease spinal compression. Regular practice of Paschimottanasana massages the internal organs, keeps the back supple, the joints mobile, the nervous system invigorated and increases flexibility in the lower back and hamstrings.

Benefits for the mind include deep relaxation and concentration. Paschimottanasana is nicknamed the posture of surrender. To really benefit the most from the posture one needs to completely surrender and relax into it.

 

Cobra - Bhujangasana

This pose stretches the chest, lungs, shoulders, and abdomen, it firms the buttocks and stimulates the abdominal organs. With practice this posture opens the chest area stimulating the heart, and expanding the ribcage and lungs.

Locust - Salabhasana

This strong pose strengthens the lower back, buttocks, legs and abdomen. It helps prevent constipation and aids the digestive system. This pose also helps improve posture, and flexibility in the upper back.

Bow - Danurasana

The Bow stretches all parts of the back simultaneously. In this posture, the head, chest, and legs are lifted, while the body rests on the abdomen. The intestines are stimulated and the digestive organs get a nice deep massage. 

 

Twists, Standing & Balancing Poses

Half Spinal Twist - Ardamatsyasana

To gain good flexibility of the spine, lateral rotationmust be practised as well as forward and backward bending. 

The Half Spinal Twist also works on the rotation of the hip joint, and the pressure of the thigh against the abdomen stimulates the digestive system, in particular the functioning of the large intestine. 

The rotation of the thoracic spine helps to release tensions in the area between the shoulder blades, and tones the spinal nerves.

The Crow - Kakasana or Peacock - Mayurasana

This posture strengthens the arms and shoulders. The flexibility of the wrists is improved through balancing the body weight on the hands. 

The Crow demands your full focus and is excellent for developing concentration, which prepares the mind for meditation.

Practising the Peacock gives many of the same benefits as the Crow. It strengthens the arms, shoulders, legs, back and abdomen. The pressure of the elbows and upper arms tones the abdominal organs and the lungs. This posture is a great tonic against constipation.

Standing Forward Bend

Aided by gravity this standing pose helps to develop strength and flexibility in the legs and hips. This Hands-to-Feet Pose stretches the spine and joints, and increases the blood supply to the brain.

The Triangle - Trikonasana

The Triangle gives a lateral stretch to the spine, and both strengthens and stretches the muscles at the side of the body, at the same time. It tones the spinal nerves and stimulates the digestive system. This is the last of the twelve postures of the Sivananda sequence and is followed by the final relaxation. There are many variations of the Triangle Pose.

 

Final Relaxation

During the guided yogic relaxation at the end of the yoga class no unnecessary energy is spent, so deep relaxation is possible. We experience threelevels of relaxation physical, mental and spiritual

Physical Relaxation

Firstly we rest the body by putting it into a position where it doesn’t need to make any physical effort at all. ‘Shavasana’ (the corpse pose) We lye on our backs with our feet and legs apart.

Through guided relaxation techniques and visualisation we send suggestions to our individual body parts in the first person. 

‘I relax my toes and feet, my toes and feet are relaxed’

‘I relax my ankles, my ankles are relaxed’

‘I relax my calves, knees and thighs,  my calves, knees and thighs are relaxed’

...and so on.

Mental Relaxation

Once we have worked our way through the physical relaxation we bring our awareness to the mental relaxation. Allowing the mind to let go even temporarily of the thoughts and emotions that stop us from attaining deeper relaxation. 

Spiritual Relaxation

The Spiritual relaxation is a knowing that we are neither just our body nor our mind. That by letting go of our ego attachments, sense distractions and earthly concerns, true and sublime relaxation is possible. We use our imaginations to visualise an image of deep stillness and peace to give ourselves a taste of this ultimate bliss.

The Sivananda Class Sequence

Opening chants

Dhyana Slokas

Shanti Mantra

Breathing exercises

Kapalabathi

Anuloma Viloma

Warm up

Sun Salutation

Leg stretches 

Double leg lifts 

Inverted sequence

1: Headstand

2: Shoulderstand 

3: Plough

4: Fish 

Forward & backward bends

5: Sitting Forward Bend 

6: Cobra

7: Locust

8: Bow 

Twists, standing & balancing poses

9: Half Spinal Twist 

10: Crow or Peacock 

11: Standing Forward Bend 

12: Triangle

Relaxation

Final Relaxation

Closing chants

Maha Mrityunjaya Mantras

Peace Mantras